What do the levels A1 – A2 – B1 – B2 – C1 – C2 mean?

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What do the levels A1 – A2 – B1 – B2 – C1 – C2 mean?

“The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels; for each level, it describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing. The following table indicates these levels. A more thorough description of each level, with criteria for listening, reading, speaking, and writing, is available on the Internet.”

  • Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
    WIKIPEDIA

A1 | Breakthrough or Beginner

You can understand

… familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases.

You can 

… use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases.

… introduce yourself and others.

… ask and answer questions about people, e.g. where someone lives or about things someone has.

… interact in a simple way with people who talk slowly and clearly and are eager to help.

A2| Waystage or Elementary

You can understand

… expressions related to everyday life, e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment, etc.

You can

…in routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.

… aspects of your background, immediate environment.

B1| Treshold or Intermediate

You can understand

… the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.

You can 

… produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.

… deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.

… describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

B2| Vantage or upper intermediate

You can understand

… the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialization.

You can 

…interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.

… produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

C1| Effective Operational Proficiency or Advanced

You can understand

…a wide range of demanding, longer clauses, and recognize implicit meaning.

You can 

…express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.

…use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.

…produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

C2 | Mastery or proficiency

You can understand

… with ease virtually everything heard or read.

You can 

…summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.

… express yourself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.

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